Glaucoma is one of the main causes of blindness in older adults. This eye disease is caused by a built-up pressure in the eye. The increased pressure can damage your optic nerve, leading to vision loss and eventually blindness if not treated. At Cataract & Eye Center of Cleburne, we can examine your eyes to determine if you have glaucoma.
What Causes Glaucoma?
Your eyes have a drainage system that normally drains out internal fluids (aqueous humor) to the trabecular meshwork, which flows out between the cornea and iris. If the drainage system does not work properly or becomes oversupplied, your eye pressure increases. This is what leads to optic nerve damage. As the nerve deteriorates over time, you may begin to notice visual problems, such as blind spots in your field of vision.
What are the Different Types of Glaucoma?
There are two main types of glaucoma:
This type is most often seen in patients with glaucoma and occurs when the trabecular meshwork becomes somewhat blocked, eventually causing pressure buildup in the eye and optic nerve damage. Open-angle glaucoma happens very gradually, which is why many people are not aware that they have this condition until they experience significant vision loss.
Angle-closure glaucoma happens when the iris is too close to the draining angle and completely blocks the fluid from draining properly. This can result in a sudden increased pressure in the eyes.
What are the Signs and Symptoms?
The signs and symptoms of glaucoma normally do not appear until the disease has progressed over time. In the beginning, many people do not know that they have the condition. One of the earliest signs of glaucoma is loss of your side or peripheral vision. Other signs and symptoms include:
- Blurred vision
- Sudden eye pain
- Halo appearances appear around lights
- Redness in eyes
- Hazy looking eyes
- Nausea vomiting
- Tunnel vision
How Can an Eye Doctor Help?
Diagnosing glaucoma starts with an eye and vision exam. Our optometry professionals will test your visual acuity and measure your intraocular pressure to determine if you have glaucoma. If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, our eye doctors may suggest a few treatment options, including prescription eye drops, beta-blockers, and laser therapy. It is important to note that once you lost your vision, there is no way of getting it back. The best way to prevent vision loss is to schedule an eye exam for early diagnosis and treatment.
Prevent Vision Loss By Scheduling An Eye Exam Today
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, it is important to see our eye care professionals before any more damage can occur. While there is no cure, there are many optometry treatments available that can help save your eyes. Call Cataract & Eye Center of Cleburne today for more information or to schedule an appointment.