Your head is probably spinning with questions if you've been told you have a cataract. What is a cataract? What will happen if I don't get it treated? Is surgery the only option? This post will answer all of those questions and more. By the time you finish reading, you'll understand what cataracts are and what to expect when you visit a center like Cataract & Eye Center in Cleburne, TX.
What are cataracts?
So, what exactly are cataracts? Cataracts are a clouding of the eye's lens. The lens is the clear part of your eye that helps focus light. When the lens becomes clouded, your vision becomes blurry.
Who is at risk for cataracts?
Cataracts are very common, especially as you age. In fact, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, more than half of Americans will develop a cataract by age 80. Other risk factors besides age can increase your chances of developing cataracts, including smoking, diabetes, prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays, and family history.
What are the symptoms of cataracts?
The most common symptom of cataracts is blurry vision. Other symptoms can include:
- Colors appearing faded
- Glare and halos around lights, especially at night
- Poor night vision
- Trouble seeing to read or do close work
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, make an appointment with your optometrist.
How are cataracts diagnosed?
Your eye doctor will conduct a comprehensive eye exam to check for cataracts. This exam will include a visual acuity test, dilated eye exam, and tonometry. Your eye doctor may also use a special test, called a retro illumination photograph, to look for cataracts.
Are cataracts curable?
Cataracts are not curable, but they are treatable. If your cataracts are mild, you may be able to manage them with new glasses, brighter lighting, anti-glare sunglasses, or other vision aids. If your cataracts are more severe, you will likely need surgery to remove them.
What is the role of optometry in cataract treatment?
If you are diagnosed with cataracts, your eye doctor will work with you to create a treatment plan. It is important to have regular eye exams, so your optometrist can track the progression of your cataracts and make sure they are not causing any other problems. If you opt for surgery, your optometrist will refer you to an ophthalmologist.
What are the possible side effects of cataract surgery?
Cataract surgery is generally safe, but like all surgeries, there are some risks. These risks can include infection, bleeding, and swelling. Your eye doctor will discuss the risks with you before surgery.
Call Us Today to Schedule an Appointment for Optometry Services
If you are experiencing any vision changes or problems, call us today at (817) 641-2020 to schedule an appointment. Our optometrist at Cataract & Eye Center in Cleburne, TX, will conduct a comprehensive eye exam to check for cataracts and other vision problems. We will work with you to create a treatment plan that meets your needs.